Because annotations form the foundation of pre-seminar, teachers must have effective ways to assess and grade the students. I have tried many things over the years and nothing is as powerful as using anchor papers. Even after being thoroughly taught about something as complex as annotating, students can easily lose sight of exactly what quality work is (and is not). The line between what constitutes an A and a C grade can be remarkably unclear to many students.
Anchor papers clarify not only how the teacher perceives the grading scale for the assignment, but they also help students understand what to do in order to improve. After teaching my students how to annotate and giving them a few seminars to practice, I create several fictitious anchor papers that roughly range in my grading scale from A to F and then copy them onto colored paper. See the examples in the appendices.
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